How to Tell a Story With Your Camera

Anyone with a camera can take a photograph, but to become a true artist you need to be able to tell a story. A photograph takes a moment out of time to be viewed again and every pair of eyes will read a different tale.

All good photography stories have narratives that matter to the photographer, so to begin with you need to discover what it is that interests you. From stories of humanity to nature, capturing the essence of each subject can transform your photography and increase audience engagement.

 “You don’t take a photograph, you make it.”

Ansel Adams

Landscape Photographer 1902-1984

Framing a Photo Story with Camera Settings

The setting that your subject is in can make or break the shot, particularly with candid portraits. You need to be cautious not to overwhelm your subject by enveloping them in too much detail.

Firstly, use your knowledge of aperture and shutter speed, that you have developed throughout your iPhotography course, to set the best possible exposure.

Choosing the Correct Depth of Field for a Story

By carefully selecting the correct F/stop, your aperture can assist the story to unfold. Whether it’s a shallow DoF to focus on a singular feature, or a wide DoF to draw in as much detail as possible.

Join the iPhotography course
Join the iPhotography course
story of a leaf on grass with water drops on shallow depth of field
story of an orange leaf on green leaves wide depth of field

Selecting Light Quality

Next, the direction and quality of light are important to set the right atmosphere. Adding in soft sidelight can create a moody yet low key image. Whereas a hard light shining on the front of the subject will appear cleaner cut and innocent.

If you are using ambient (natural/pre-existing) lighting for your photograph’s story, consider the effect of colour temperature. Calm sunsets make viewers think of relaxing, romantic, uplifting and warm contexts. Whereas cooler light from a cloudy day can invoke feelings of loneliness, melancholy or emptiness.

Lens Choice

Therefore, as long as the lighting and camera settings are adding to your image, it’s time to pick the right lens based on how much of the surrounding scene you want in the shot. In the context of a portrait:

 

  • Shorter focal lengths around 30mm or lower include more of the view
  • Mid-length to head and shoulder shots are better around 50-85mm
  • Highly compressed backgrounds are easier to achieve over 100mm

Emotion or a feeling in a photograph is what helps the viewer piece together the connection as it can give the audience a recognisable quality to relate to.

To capture true emotion in a story, you need to pay attention to small details in your frame such as facial expressions, mannerisms, gestures and movements. Sometimes, setting the camera down and simply observing your surroundings can help you to absorb your subject and immerse completely in the mood.

Top Tip – Only include elements that are vital to your photo’s story. You may have to be handy with editing if you can’t remove annoying distractions in camera!

Emotion

Before capturing the actual content of your story, ask yourself…

What emotion am I trying to depict?

Every subject, human or not, holds the potential to create a unique photographic story. It’s down to you to display the emotions that you feel (or want others to feel) in the image. Angles are a good place to start.

High Angle Emotions

Taking up high angle positions with your camera make an audience feel powerful, in charge and all-seeing of the scene below.

You can use high angles to make a subject look cute, compact and non-threatening too.

photo stories

Low Angle Emotions

Placing your camera down low will make your audience feel that they are diminutive, insignificant and subordinates to the surroundings.

If you are shooting a subject from a low angle though, expect them to look dominant, feared and controlling to your viewers.

It’s important to consider the emotion that your angle creates and what it says of your subject (if there is one).

Emotional Body Language

Body language can play an important part in telling the emotion of a photograph; simple, small changes to poses can transform the overall feeling from happy to isolation or discontent.

In a portrait, the eyes offer passage into your subject’s soul, so it is imperative to make sure you consider your subject’s eye direction when posing.

Have a look at these cropped portraits and see how many different emotions are displayed just by the eyes alone…

storytelling, photo stories, story with photos, creating emotion in photography, telling a story with a camera, framing a story, camera settings, depth of field, light quality, angles, emotion,

Props

Observing or creating emotion is not the only way to tell a story in photography. More often than not, introducing signifiers or symbols, in the form of props, can further (or change) the context of the story you are trying to tell.

Using the correct prop can translate more of your story to your viewer quicker than an expression, dressed up location or hired clothing. Don’t overlook the power of props to save time, energy and money in your photography.

Take this scene for a moment…

story of a lonely tree on a hill photo stories

Do you see a resolute and strong tree, outlasting all others?

Do you feel empowered by its stubbornness to exist in a barren landscape?

Keep those feelings in mind as you see the true photograph (with the original ‘props’). Now how do you feel…

Do you feel strong? Or now sorry for the withered and weak tree?

Has your feeling of empowerment now changed to anger?

story of a lonely tree on a hill photo stories

It can take a simple prop to set the message of the story. Therefore, consider adding in extra details like this to your photo’s story when you are wanting to create drama, conflict and debate. Use your earlier learning of ‘choosing an emotion’ to depict in order to select the right prop, symbol or signifier.

Here are a few top choices;

Happiness

Balloons

Bubbles

Fireworks

Sunflowers

Cake

Excitement

Rollercoaster

Sports Cars

Presents / Gifts

Unopened Boxes / Books

Clocks

Sadness

Water

Fences / Barriers

Empty Chairs

Unfinished Meals

Damaged Flowers

Love

Hearts

Flowers

Rings

Locks

Fire

Top Tip – Choosing the right colours on props and clothing is also important to continue that overall emotion in your photograph’s story. Refer to Module 9 of iPhotography Course and Module 7 (Section 1) and Module 13 (Section 3) of the Portrait Course for more training on creating a colour theme.

How to End your Story

Simply – you don’t. Every shot you take maybe a stand-alone photo story but it doesn’t have to be.

Once you are comfortable with building a story in a single frame try spreading it out over 3 or 4 to create a sequence of how that story develops. In the way that a movie is a series of stills played out at 24 frames per second, think of this as an opportunity to create a story with different chapters.

You’ll have to plan out what the story is in advance and then shoot each scene. If you want to upload your sequence to the iPhotography gallery then stitch them all together in a single frame in Photoshop or Pixlr. Here’s how:

Editing a Sequence Together

  • Resize all your photos to the same size and resolution
  • Select your first shot (the one that starts the story)
  • Go to IMAGE > CANVAS SIZE
  • Extend the canvas to the right 4x the width of each image. i.e. if your photos are 1,000 pixels wide then extend the canvas 4,000 pixels to the right.
  • Copy and paste each photo into the blank space
  • Arrange them to the correct order
  • Flatten the layers
  • Go to IMAGE>IMAGE SIZE
  • Resize the document so it’s under 5,000px on the longest size
  • Save and upload to the gallery!
man taking photos editing them and photo stories printing telling a story in photography photo stories

And if you’re ready to develop your stories further then take some inspiration from iconic portraits and the rules of street photography. These tips and tricks will help you adapt your skills to a fluid environment where the stories occur in front of you – it’s down to you to capture it.

What Do You Think?

Now you’ve got some hefty tips to work with, we want to see your creations. Upload your photography stories to the iPhotography gallery and let us know what challenges you found, and overcome, whilst shooting. It’s important to share your experiences with others so we can build a stronger network of knowledge amongst the iPhotography community.

Has this article helped you create some new ideas or given you a better understanding of creating stories in your photography? If so, let us know. Your feedback is vital so we can keep creating the perfect content you need to improve your photography.

What Others Are Reading

iPhotography Course not only teaches you all the standard technical expertise, settings, skills, and special effects with your camera – but we also show you how to use these skills to develop your own individual style as a photographer.

Tips For Getting Natural Smiles Out of Children

Photographing children can be difficult and often takes more time that you would expect. Be sure that you ask Mum and Dad if they want any particular shots as it can take all day in some cases.

Nude Photography Tutorial for Beginners

In this nude photography tutorial, we share everything you need to know about camera settings, lighting, posing tips and where to find models

Real Estate Photography Guide by iPhotography Image 7

Real Estate Photography Tips & Tricks

Looking to sell your home or just document a renovation? Use our real estate photography tips to find the best angles, lighting & composition

iphotography training online course learn more

100,000+

iPhotographers

iphotography training online course learn more

187

Countries

Who Are Photography Classes Made For?

Are our classes made for you? Well if you’re brand new to photography or been practising for a little while but starting to hit a wall then, the simple answer – YES! 

Whether you have just bought a camera or have spent years behind the viewfinder, our photography classes are comprehensive, educational, honest and cutting-edge – there are no other courses like it (believe us, we checked a lot!). 

We’re like the Wikipedia of photography – all of the answers are under one roof.

3 Ways to Use Natural Light

Sunlight can be discussed using a few different photography terms and approaches. There are normally 4 considerations photographers look at when using natural light in their photos - Direction, Colour, Intensity and Quality.

1. Direction

In which direction is the light falling? Is the direction of the light where you need it to be? While it’s very hard to change the direction of natural light unless you’re using reflectors you may have to move your subject into the path of the light to get the right finish.

There are 3 main directions that you can use natural light in a photo;

FREE - Optional Assignments

Some of our classes offer personal critiques and constructive feedback from qualified photography tutors. Receive 1-on-1 advice and tips from the experts.

5 Top Architectural Photography Tutorial Tips

How to Be a Nature Photographer

Going from a beginner nature photographer to making money from your camera you need dedication. It requires time and a never-ending passion to get outdoors with your cameras and practise new techniques. Get outdoors early and return when the sun sets.

Get familiar with your local woodlands and read nature books to learn about wildlife, birding and foliage. This will help you understand what you are shooting and when is the best time of year to find these subjects.

HEAD OFFICE

support@iphotography.com

The other challenge when shooting through glass is the tinting. Unfortunately, architects and designers didn’t think about us photographers when creating these skyscrapers.

Their windows are invariably tinted in some way to help with heating.

This means that some of your photos may have a green/grey tint to them.

It’s not the biggest issue as you can rebalance this tint in editing with the ‘tint’ slider for example.